The incredible music of the Thar at Suryagarh

The sight of a canopied seating and fresh juice organised by the Suryagarh team was a welcome relief after a morning spent exploring the Thar. Set up outside an abandoned human settlement, the location and timing of the ‘refreshment pitstop’ was perfect. Much as I love the desert, I was getting dehydrated pretty quickly.

As I made my way to pick a glass of juice for myself, I heard some music being played in the distance. Music that was both familiar and unfamiliar, if not strange. It was familiar because I recognised the instrument, and unfamiliar because I had never heard it played outside of a Carnatic classical music katcheri (concert).

Juice forgotten, I changed directions and headed towards the music and the musician, Sumar Khan, who was playing the morsing or the wind harp, a wind percussion instrument.

“You’re playing the morsing!” I exclaimed to Sumar Khan. “I didn’t know it was played in this region.”

“You’re one of the very few shahris (city folks) who have recognised this instrument,” exclaimed a delighted Sumar Khan. “Most don’t even know what it is. Where have you heard it?”

“In classical music concerts.”

“I didn’t know it was played in classical music!”

“And I didn’t know it was played in folk music!”

That means we are even, said Sumar Khan, and both of us burst out laughing. Sumar Khan then went on to tell me how the morsing was an important part of the instrumental ensemble from the Thar region, and had been for centuries. However, the number of folk musicians who could play the morsing was dwindling fast. But I’m there to play the morsing for you, he said and played some more.

Sumar Khan is one of the many musicians employed by Suryagarh. Originally from Bikaner, he is quite the versatile musician. He can sing…

Travel, Suryagarh, Music of the Desert, Music of the Thar, Music of Rajasthan, Folk Song, Folk Music, Lok Sangeet
The many expressions of Sumar Khan as he sings the popular song from Rajasthan, “Padhaaro Mhaare Desh”

… and also play many instruments, though his preferred choice of instruments are the morsing and the algoza or double flute, also known as the jodiya pava. Here he is playing a beautiful set of melodies (including a Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram) one morning at Suryagarh.

During my stay at Suryagarh, I would head to the window where Sumar Khan would be playing his wonderful, soothing music in the mornings. I would listen and we would chat, he would tell me about the songs and the legends they were based on.

His favourite was the tragic love story of Mumal and Mahendroo set at a time when the Kak River still had water and flowed from Jaisalmer, where Mumal lived, to Umer Kot (in Sindh, Pakistan), where Mahendroo was the ruler. (do read the story here as written by Nisha Jha, a fellow blogger). Sumar Khan’s rendition of episodes from the tragic love story was soulful — whether it was on the algoza or his vocals. I could feel the story and the Thar come alive through his renditions.

Travel, Suryagarh, Music of the Desert, Music of the Thar, Music of Rajasthan, Folk Song, Folk Music, Lok Sangeet

Kaki is another musician at Suryagarh and perhaps the most enigmatic of them all. For one, I don’t think her name is Kaki, which means ‘aunt’ in the local language.

Nobody in Suryagarh knows her name and she is always called Kaki by everyone. For another, nobody has seen her face (even the women) for she is always veiled. Nobody knows her age either. Every day, at around 4 pm, she arrives and makes herself comfortable on a seat in the courtyard and proceeds to sing.

Listening to Kaki sing was an awesome experience. For me, her powerful, full-bodied voice was a personification of the desert, the Thar itself. I have just one word for Kaki — RESPECT.

Suryagarh also has a large group of singers from the Manganiar community, some of whom I had heard during my previous visit. But unfortunately, like the previous visit, I was unable to interact with them, and my experience of their incredible music was through what they performed.

Led by Mehboob Khan, the Manganiars welcomed my group to Suryagarh on the day we arrived. Later that evening, I caught the last song of their performance for hotel guests — the timeless Dama dam mast qalandar. The evening breeze and a full moon night added to the whole experience.

Travel, Suryagarh, Music of the Desert, Music of the Thar, Music of Rajasthan, Folk Song, Folk Music, Lok Sangeet
Mehboob Khan is the one playing the harmonium

I heard them again the next evening at a special outdoor performance and dinner organised for our group. Mehboob Khan and his group sang a variety of known and unknown songs (for me, that is). Two of the songs they performed stood out. The first was a known song — Yaara seeli seeli (made popular in India by the film Lekin), which I managed to record. You can click on the video below to listen to it. Apologies in advance for the awful sound quality.

The second song — an unfamiliar one — was Jaago Krishna Kanhaiya Jaago and it comes from Sindh. I didn’t, or couldn’t record it, so entranced was I by the story and its rendition.

The song is based on the story of a holy man who was blind and known for his healing powers. There were people in his community who didn’t like the holy man and doubted his ability to heal others. One day, they got a dead infant and asked the holy man if he could cure the child. When the holy man said yes, the infant was placed on his lap. The holy man realised immediately that the infant was dead, but also remembered his words of healing the infant. He then sang Jaago Krishna Kanhaiya Jaago as a prayer to Lord Krishna. The dead infant was no longer just a dead infant, but Krishna himself who was being invoked to rise, to awaken.

I have never heard something so beautiful and so heartfelt and when Mehboob Khan and his group finished singing the song, I realised that my cheeks were wet.


This was my second visit to Suryagarh and I was thrilled to find that the music component of the hotel was as strong as ever. Though I missed meeting and listening to Salim Khan and Sikandar Langha from my previous visit, I was very happy to make the acquaintance of Sumar Khan and Kaki this time. 🙂

Patrons and patronage of the arts has changed rapidly in the last century or so, with the government replacing the original patrons — the royalty and the rich. Cultural organisations, too, are doing their bit to keep our rich heritage alive. But it is unusual for a hotel to do so, and for that reason alone kudos to Suryagarh. As I mentioned in this post:

any organisation that patronises artists and their art is a great one and has my respect. Enough said.

I leave you with this last video of a beautiful song sung by Sumar Khan. Close your eyes, and imagine you’re somewhere in the Thar as you listen to this. Enjoy. 🙂

Note to Self: Considering that most of the videos are incomplete or of poor quality, it might be a good idea to just listen to the music than to record them !

Disclaimer: I was invited by Suryagah to visit and stay with them. This post is an outcome of that visit; needless to stay, the views and words are all mine.🙂

The Suryagarh Series
The Suryagarh experience | Something new, something old: Jaisalmer revisited | The incredible music of Salim Khan and Sikander Langha
2016: The Suryagarh experience… Revisited | Sifting through the sands of time | The temples of Kiradu | The incredible music of the Thar at Suryagarh

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11 thoughts on “The incredible music of the Thar at Suryagarh

  1. Unfortunately I have used my broadband and hence cannot enjoy ur post and photos. With slow speed it is like drinking at a pond thru a straw. Saved the link for access when it gets restored.

    Did manage to briefly access the earlier post – it was interesting to glimpse at two versions of chariots.

    It was sad and happy- sad to see the disrepair and the wanton damage by invaders and happy to have ‘seen’ it thru ur posts. The sculptures were amazing even in their present state. Dont know about various schools that exist – did seem like sculptures found in Jain temples though it was all Hindu pantheon.


    Liked by 1 person

    1. I hope you managed to listen to the music I have shared in this post.

      Regarding the temples of Kiradu, I still can’t get over their location or their beauty. Each time I go through my photographs, there is some detail that I missed previously cropped up.

      The beauty of old Jain temples is that regardless of where they were, they followed the vernacular architecture. So a temple in Karnataka would be different from a temple in Tamil Nadu would be different from. Temple in Gujarat. On a visit to two Jain Temples in Kanchipuram, if I hadn’t known of their location, I would have thought they were Hindu temples. I will be writing about those temples soon.

      Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you, Sushmita. I love music over and above everything else and the music at the Thar was nothing less than divine. I rarely write about music on the blog, apart from “My now song” series, and when I do it is very fulfilling. 🙂


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